Leaving Netflix January 2019: Say Goodbye to These 47 Movies and TV Shows

Just cancel every plan you had this month—all those holiday parties, your work happy hour, even dinner with your family—because Netflix is about to remove Love Actually from its streaming service come January 1. That means there’s a limited amount of time left to watch (and re-watch) your favorite moments: Mark’s creepy-in-hindsight love declaration to Juliet, that scene where Billy Mack shades a boy band, Colin Firth failing at Portuguese…the list goes on.

And Love Actually isn’t the only beloved title leaving Netflix, either. We’re saying goodbye to 47 movies and TV shows, including How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days, Rent, The Princess Diaries, and Rogue One. What a way to kick of 2019, eh? On the bright side, 77 new titles will be arriving next month. (See that list here.)

See the full list of movies and TV shows leaving Netflix in January 2019, below.

Beethoven’s Christmas Adventure
Blade
Blade II
Bram Stoker’s Dracula
Catwoman
Face/Off
Finding Neverland
Friday Night Lights
How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days
I Am Ali
Interview with the Vampire
Into the Wild
Journey to the Center of the Earth
Kung Fu Panda
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit: The Fifteenth Year
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit: The Seventeenth Year
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit: The Sixteenth Year
Like Water for Chocolate
Love Actually
Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa
Marie Antoinette
Meet the Fockers
Meet the Parents
Million Dollar Baby
Monsters vs. Aliens
Mortal Kombat
Rent
Sharknado
Sharknado 2: The Second One
Sharknado 3
Sharknado 5
Sharknado: The 4th Awakens
The 6th Day
The Godfather
The Godfather: Part II
The Godfather: Part III
The Green Mile
The Iron Giant
The Princess Diaries
The Queen of the Damned
The Reaping
The Shining

Pocahontas II: Journey to a New World

It Follows

Armageddon

Rogue One: A Star Wars Story

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring

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Coming to Netflix in January 2019: 77 Movies and TV Shows Arriving Just in Time for the New Year

A brand new slate of movies and TV shows are coming to Netflix just in time for the new year. Literally on January 1, you’ll have access to the third season of A Series of Unfortunate Events, plus classics like Across the Universe, Happy Feet, and I Know What You Did Last Summer. Later in the month, the final few episodes of Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt are dropping, plus the highly-anticipated documentary about the Fyre Festival. My new year’s resolution is officially to watch all the 77 titles, below, before February 1.

A Series of Unfortunate Events, season 3 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Across the Universe
Babel
Black Hawk Down
City of God
COMEDIANS of the world (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Definitely, Maybe
Godzilla
Happy Feet
Hell or High Water
I Know What You Did Last Summer
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
It Takes Two
Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back
Jersey Boys
Mona Lisa Smile
Mr. Bean’s Holiday
Pan’s Labyrinth
Pinky Malinky (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Pulp Fiction
Swingers
Tears of the Sun
The Addams FamilyThe Boy in the Striped Pajamas
The Dark Knight
The Departed
The Mummy
The Mummy Returns
The Strangers
Tidying Up with Marie Kondo (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Watchmen
xXx
XXX: State of the Union

Monty Python and the Holy Grail

And Breathe Normally (NETFLIX FILM)
Call My Agent!, season 3 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
El Potro: Unstoppable (NETFLIX FILM)
Lionheart (NETFLIX FILM)

GODZILLA The Planet Eater (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Solo: A Star Wars Story

When Heroes Fly (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)

Friends from College, season 2 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
ReMastered: Massacre at the Stadium (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Sex Education (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Solo (NETFLIX FILM)
The Last Laugh (NETFLIX FILM)

Revenger (NETFLIX FILM)
Sebastian Maniscalco: Stay Hungry (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)

American Gangster

American Crime Story: The Assassination of Gianni Versace

Carmen Sandiego (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Close (NETFLIX FILM)
FYRE: The Greatest Party That Never Happened (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
GIRL (NETFLIX FILM)
Grace and Frankie, season 5 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
IO (NETFLIX FILM)
Soni (NETFLIX FILM)
The World’s Most Extraordinary Homes, season 2 part B (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Trigger Warning with Killer Mike (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Trolls: The Beat Goes On!, season 5 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)

Justice (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)

Conversations with a Killer: The Ted Bundy Tapes (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)

Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation

Animas (NETFLIX FILM)
Black Earth Rising (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Club de Cuervos, season 4 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Kingdom (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Medici: The Magnificent (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Polar (NETFLIX FILM)
Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt season 4 part 2 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)

Z Nation, season 5

Gabriel “Fluffy” Iglesias: One Show Fits All (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)
Marvel Studios’ Ant-Man and the Wasp

Disney•Pixar’s The Incredibles 2

Marvel’s The Punisher, season 2 (NETFLIX ORIGINAL)

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The Best Natural Deodorant from Lavilin That No One’s Talking About

Some people perspire gently, appearing (at most) dewy after a workout or under scorching mid-August sun. I am not one of these people. This is actually fine with me; I have long since made peace with the fact that I will always look like I’m mid-marathon if the temperature rises above 60 degrees. “Are you ok?” new acquaintances often ask in alarm when they see me during the warmer months. “Don’t worry, this is my natural state,” I reply as I cover my face in napkins. “You’ll see.”

Accepting my body’s natural tendency to sweat also means ditching antiperspirants, a product category I have a history of avoiding anyway. The difference between antiperspirant and deodorant is that the former prevents you from sweating, while the latter only tackles body odor. There’s still a lot of debate over the aluminum in antiperspirants and whether it’s harmful or not. But, since I choose to perspire aggressively, I don’t need something that keeps me sweat-free; I just want to smell good.

If you’ve tried to find a natural deodorant that doesn’t suck, you know it’s not easy. Many of them don’t do much of anything other than disappoint me. (They tend to be really good at that.) Over the years, I’ve tried countless sprays, pastes, sticks, crystals, roll-ons, and balms, including the ones everyone raves about. The vast majority stop working for me after an hour of sitting around and doing nothing—I don’t even try using them for anything involving exercise or stress.

I discovered the one shining exception to the rule in 2010, after I had just been severely let down by another natural deodorant and was reconsidering all my life decisions. An intense MakeupAlley/Reddit/blog review session led me to an under-the-radar brand called Lavilin, which stocked what sounded like a total anomaly: natural deodorant that lasts up to a week. The packaging was fairly nondescript and I had to order it online, but the endless stream of glowing reviews ultimately convinced me.

I started with the cream, which is really more of a stiff paste. You have to work at it a bit to get it to spread on your skin. I recommend starting with a pea-sized amount and warming it up between your palms before applying it to your underarms. The smell is faintly herbal and it leaves a trace white cast when you first apply it. But—this is the best part—you truly don’t need to apply it daily, even if you wash it off in the shower. A single application has lasted up to a full week for me, although typically I find I need to reapply on the fourth day, particularly if I’m partaking in sweat-inducing workouts like fencing or Krav Maga.

The reason why the formula lasts so long is that it doesn’t just mask smells; it directly targets odor-causing bacteria that feast on your perspiration. “The activity of bacteria breaking down proteins and lipids on our skin is the true culprit of body odor,” says Lavilin CEO Ron Gershoni. The ingredients list combines botanical extracts, essential oils, and modified potato starch to accomplish this. “Jojoba oil and calendula extract are two of our favorite [botanicals],” he adds. “They closely mirror your natural oils, so they keep you smelling fresh without damaging the skin’s surface.”

It’s pretty near perfect, but the 72Hr Roll-On is my personal pick. The liquid formula doesn’t last quite as long (I get about 48 hours of wear time out of it), but it also doesn’t involve as much effort as the cream, which suits my laziness better. To use it, I simply swipe the rollerball on my underarms and go about my day. It smells a little like clean laundry at first, but the scent quickly dissipates, leaving blissful nothingness behind. The ingredients list is obviously different from the cream, but it’s every bit as effective. And like all of Lavilin’s deodorants, it’s completely free of aluminum and parabens—the reason why you’re probably reading this in the first place.

Lavilin 72Hr Roll-On Deodorant, $16, lavilin.com; Lavilin Underarm Deodorant Cream, $17, lavilin.com

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Esther Perel Thinks the Key to Empowering Women Is Focusing on Men

The #MeToo movement has sparked valuable conversations about gender, power, and sex around the world. It also poses the question: What is the matter with men?

Plenty, you might say. But I’m talking about a sickness and sadness that is real. Consider: While many women struggle with depression, men are more likely to commit suicide, research shows. And compared with women, men have twice the risk of heart disease, just one of the various ailments that, on the whole, drives them to earlier graves.

Why is this? If the world is so set up to favor men, how is it that vast numbers of them are miserable?

I’ve worked as a couples therapist internationally for decades. In all that time I have focused on relationships—what makes them flourish, what zaps them of their romance. But recently I have felt compelled to turn more attention toward men. From what I’ve seen, the level of shame that men deal with around their identity as a man has made it almost impossible for them to seek and receive the support they need to thrive in their interpersonal relationships. That has grave ramifications for women. Insecure men demean women, sometimes worse. So of course women are frustrated. But just as retribution does not mend a relationship, neither is it a long-term solution to a societal ill. Punish­ment is warranted in some cases. But a resignation or dismissal from a high-profile job, for example, is not the sole option. It does not always provide complete (or even partial) restitution for victims, nor is it a blanket fix.

We’ve been tempted to zero in on a few bad apples, but that approach is misguided. Centuries of data tell us purges don’t work. The issue is bigger than individuals, and censure alone is not a path forward.

I believe that the lives of women cannot improve, that women cannot thrive, until men free themselves from the constraints of the male code. As my colleague Terry Real says, the patriarchy hurts us all.

Five decades ago feminists like Gloria Steinem articulated a new vision of what womanhood in America could look like. That led women to rethink their identities at work and at home. Yet since that time no similar movement has come for men, who are now as trapped in a gender box as ever. Research shows fathers are more emotional with daughters and physical with sons. And from age four, boys may well begin to sever their emotional connections to others so that they can become self-­sufficient, fearless, and competitive.

The norms that define manhood are pernicious. But it need not take millennia to rewrite them. This kind of transformation is possible in just a decade or two. For evidence, look at how the relationship between parents and children has evolved. Most parents I counsel don’t follow the hierarchical model that I experienced as a child; instead they work to create a connection built on genuine closeness and emotion.

So what do men need? (I know, the idea that women have to take action to save men doesn’t feel quite fair. But I’m impatient for progress, so why not hasten the pace of the revolution?) To me, it boils down to three essential factors:

Men need spaces to connect. In America in particular I’ve found there’s a sense that when women gather, it creates collaboration, but when men gather, it leads to violence. Not at all. It depends on the context. I was just in a village in Greece where the men meet at 7:00 A.M. after they fish. These men bond. Perhaps they don’t always discuss their deepest emotions, but each knows the others are there for him. Based on hundreds of men I’ve talked to, very few equivalents exist in America after the Little Leagues of childhood (and boys’ sports aren’t even an ideal framework, given their frequent emphasis on violence and competition). When men do gather, I’ve seen them share their stories. In the workshops I’ve led, where a protected environment is created, men remember the times they’ve felt like less of a man. That in turn helps reduce shame. It makes room for them to be vulnerable, not weak.

We need to promote platonic male-female friendships. How can men learn to respect women if boys never spend time with girls? I’ve seen in my practice how formative those early interactions with the opposite sex can be. When my sons were children, I sent them to Europe each summer because I felt there they could better see that there are many ways to be a boy. They didn’t need to measure their “manhood” by how many women were interested in them, and that allowed them to pursue genuine friendships with girls. Freed from the constant pressure to “perform,” they could be around women without sexualizing or fetishizing them. When women are made alien to men, an unhealthy fixation starts.

We must push for better sex education. Schools are the obvious place to jettison outdated gender roles and to explore issues around consent. But so far that kind of curriculum has been restricted to a class or two in high school. In the Netherlands comprehensive sex education starts at age four, with children learning about consent in terms of wanted or unwanted hugs, for example. The result: Most teens in the Netherlands report that their first sexual experiences were “wanted and fun.” According to one report from the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, in the U.S. a full two-thirds of teens wished they’d waited longer to have sex for the first time. If frank conversations about sex and consent happened earlier, men and women would be better equipped to know both what they want and how to ask for it. That wouldn’t just mean better sex. It would mean better communication overall.

“Me Too” isn’t the end of a conversation. It’s the start of one. Let’s make room for men to be a part of it.

Esther Perel is a psychotherapist, a speaker, an author, and the host of the podcast Where Should We Begin?

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[Rethinking Infidelity: Esther Perel’s TED Talk] (/story/rethinking-infidelity-ted-talk-marriage)

Here’s Every Single Piece From Selena Gomez’s Collection for Puma

Selena Gomez is taking her relationship with Puma to the next level. She signed with the brand as a spokesperson last year; then, in March, she designed a limited-edition sneaker and sock pairing. Now she’s releasing a full-fledged collection: apparel, footwear, accessories—the works.

“I put a lot of effort in creating something that would appeal to every type of girl and wanted to show my personality with this collection,” Gomez said in a statement. Her favorites include the SG Runner, a white sneaker that draws from silhouettes from the eighties and nineties, and the layering pieces that are meant to be mixed and matched. (“SG” stands for both Selena Gomez and for the name of the collection, Strong Girl.) And like her projects with Coach, Gomez peppered in discreet messages for her fans in the collection: “For me, details are everything, so that’s why we included some hidden ‘strong girl’ inspirational messages and design features,” she revealed. (One of the sports bras, for instance, has “strong inside and out” written in script underneath a layer of mesh.)

SG x Puma drops in full today, online and in stores. Prices start at $30 for gloves and beanies, and go up to $200 for a jacket. Check out the assortment—plus the lookbook, which features Gomez alongside strong women in her life including Connar Franklin, Raquelle Stevens, Courtney J. Barry, Caroline Franklin, and Theresa Marie Mingus—in the gallery ahead.

How Much to Tip at the Nail Salon: Your Ultimate Guide

No matter how many times you’ve stepped foot in a salon, figuring out whom to tip, how frequently, and how much can feel like an ever-changing equation, and that’s especially true when it comes to nail services. In 2015, an explosive article from the New York Times revealed that nail technicians in New York City were making an average of $3 an hour, when in the same year, the nail industry was said to have raked in $8.51 billion. Since then, transparency around tipping and nail artist wages has gotten slightly better, but the topic still remains somewhat murky.

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, nail techs should be paid at least the federal minimum wage ($7.25 an hour) and compensated for “all work performed, whether or not the employer approves the work in advance; this includes time spent in training, traveling from site to site during the day, and any work performed ‘off the clock.'” Although it’s worth noting that some states, like Massachusetts and Washington, require a much higher minimum wage ($11/hour and $11.50/hour, respectively), and employers are expected to follow those specific state directives.

In a recent survey by Nails Magazine, the average service income for nail technicians in 2017 was approximated to be $653 per week, which averages out to about $31,344 a year. But considering 74 percent of those polled said they provided all of their own supplies, tools, and equipment, with the majority spending between $100 and $400 a month to do so, many nail techs end up bringing home much less than what they’ve been estimated to earn.

What’s more, some nail techs rent their own booths from salons (similar to hair stylists), which costs a national average of $445.36 a month. These hidden costs can make it nearly impossible for some nail artists to make a livable wage, which means tipping your nail artist a proper amount is more critical than ever. (Many of them are relying on it!) But just how much is enough?

To figure out this and more, Glamour talked to nail artists and owners around the country to weed out the best practices for tipping at the nail salon, from where your hard-earned cash goes to what percentage of that money actually ends up in your technician’s bank account. Read on for their unfiltered opinions and advice.

What Nail Artists Are Actually Making

At Lacquer salon in Austin, TX, nail techs make between $13 to $15 an hour, depending on their experience and clientele, and while the nail artists make their own schedules, most are working an average of 30 to 40 hours a week. At Poppy & Monroe in Nashville, TN, nail techs work an average of 7 hours per day and also earn an hourly rate. “We start at $16 per hour, and then that goes up based on experience,” explains Karen Kops, a licensed nail technician and owner of the Nashville salon.

Before opening the business, Kops went to school to become a licensed nail tech, and during this time “realized how demanding and tough this job is.” For that reason she chooses to pay the salon’s techs hourly, rather than provide commission, as a way of encouraging a better working environment. And while the cost for services at Poppy & Monroe is higher than other salons in the area ($35 to $55 compared to $15 to $35), the nail technicians are guaranteed to take home above minimum wage. “It’s important that when [nail techs] step into a shop, they get paid for the time they’re there,” Kops says.

But many salons don’t pay their nail techs hourly. Instead, those salon owners pay their nail artists commission only, which means, since they’re receiving no base rate, their pay is dependent on the number of clients they have that day, rather than the number of hours they’ve worked. For some, this pay system may seem appealing, especially if their commission nets out to at-or-above minimum wage. But for others, this hasn’t always been the case, and it can lead to grueling work conditions, longer hours, a more competitive work environment (with nail techs vying for each other’s clients), and less-than-desirable pay.

Hourly Rate vs. Commission vs. Booth Rental: What’s the Difference?

Before opening her first location in downtown Austin in 2015, Lacquer salon owner Carla Hatler did extensive research on nail salon practices in the Austin area. Over the course of three years, she found that beauty service providers frequently worked long hours and made below-minimum-wage-commission. “I understand it’s a low-margin business, so [some salons] are trying to find ways to make money, but you’re supposed to be guaranteeing that your staff is being paid minimum wage,” explains Hatler. And this isn’t exclusive to cheaper salons; Hatler found that high-end salons were doing it, too: “They’re not following labor laws.” That’s why, since opening the doors of her salon, Hatler chose to pay her nail techs hourly. “That’s one of the reasons our prices are higher,” she says.

Even so, commission-based pay is still the most popular method for nail salons, and while in some cases, salons offer low commission percentages that force nail techs to become dependent on tips, in others, commission percentages are more substantial. At Base Coat in Denver, CO, for example, nail techs have the option to either earn an hourly rate, which starts at $13/hour (and is above minimum wage) or earn 35 to 50 percent commission per service. The techs work 8-hour days, but with a one-hour lunch break built into their schedules. Tran Wills, the salon’s owner, explains she “grew up in salons,” (her mother, also a nail tech, has worked in one all of her life) and so for this reason, Wills wanted to make sure her techs were taking home a fair amount. Before tips, Base Coat nail artists can make anywhere between $2,500 to $3,500 a month, Wills says.

At Olive and June in Los Angeles, a shop sign explains the reasoning behind a new 10 percent charge appearing on customers’ bills. “We are proud to announce that we’ve transitioned our manicurist team from freelancers to employees,” the sign reads, continuing: “In order to help support this, an employee benefits charge of 10 percent will be added to all services. This charge is not a tip.”

In other cases, nail techs have the option to rent a booth. Explains Wills: “[Some nail techs] rent a space within the salon, pay flat monthly rent to the studio owner and take no commission.” In those cases, Wills explains, nail techs would operate as their own business owners, providing their own clients and tools, and booking their own appointments. “It’s not really [as] common for nails technicians as it is for hair stylists,” Wills says. “Nail technicians who do this [typically] have a huge clientele and want to be their own boss.”

How Much to Tip

In the end, tipping is all about customer satisfaction, so a standard 15 to 20 percent per nail tech, per service is a fair amount, assuming you were happy with your experience. At Laquer salon in Austin, nail technicians receive an average 18 percent tip for each service, though some customers will tip as high as 30 percent. “It’s really based on the relationship that [our customers] have [with our nail techs] and how great they felt their service was,” concludes Hatler. At Poppy & Monroe in Nashville, the tips are closer to 20 percent. “If for any reason we don’t [provide great service], then I can understand a lower gratuity, but I would I say 95 to 98 percent of the time, gratuity is 20 percent and above,” Kops explains. Similarly, at Base Coat, 20 percent gratuity is encouraged for all services.

Had one nail artist do your mani, and one do your pedi? Tip both, and always do so in cash. While some salons allow tips to be put on credit card, you’ll never be entirely certain your nail tech will end up receiving it in the end, so cash is your safest bet. While the industry does seem to be improving slightly, thanks to the growing realization around the mistreatment of nail salon workers, tipping your nail tech a fair cash gratuity can only help.

This story is part of Glamour‘s guide to tipping. Tips are approximate and based on varying factors. Learn more about how much to give in this seven-part series.

Andy Cohen’s Dream Dinner Party Guest List Probably Looks a Lot Like Yours

Andy Cohen does not spend a lot of time in the hot seat. As host of Watch What Happens Live With Andy Cohen and the Housewives reunion shows on Bravo, it’s the 50-year-old’s guests—from Priyanka Chopra to Rachel Maddow to Bethenny Frankel—who have to explain themselves. So what’s it like when the roles are reversed? Let’s roll the tape.


Glamour: At reunions, it’s up to you to press these casts and force them to address their controversies. So any advice for journalists in the Trump era?

Andy Cohen: Be patient. Hold them to the fire. Keep asking the same question until you get an answer…. Anderson [Cooper] has to interview these mistresses of Trump, and he did these debates which were really like Housewives reunions, so I do feel like my world has intersected with a lot of journalists’.

Glamour: You’ve said you’d want to see Kellyanne Conway on Housewives. Who would she be friends with if she made the cut?

AC: That’s a good question. I don’t know—we might be sending her into the lion’s den. She reminds me of Michaele Salahi [who appeared on The Real Housewives of D.C. and crashed a White House State Dinner in 2009].

Glamour: How so?

AC: You can’t get a straight answer out of her. I mean, I talked to Michaele for, like, a really long time about whether or not she was a Redskins cheerleader, and I still don’t know.

Glamour: If you and your pal John Mayer did karaoke together, what would the set list be?

AC: It would be all duets, starting with “Islands in the Stream” and ending with “Endless Love.”

Glamour: You oversee the shows most of us watch to unwind. In your spare time, what are your favorite things to binge?

AC: I love documentaries. I just watched Jane Fonda in Five Acts and Quincy on Netflix, and I rewatched Long Strange Trip, the Amazon documentary about the Grateful Dead.

Glamour: On Watch What Happens, you put some unexpected people in conversation, leading us to believe you’d throw an excellent dinner party. Dream guests?

AC: Michelle Obama, Amy Sedaris, Madonna, Oprah, Howard Stern, Queen Elizabeth, Prince Harry, and Chris Rock. And all the waiters would be gorgeous models who would wind up dancing with us after dessert.

Glamour: Does reality TV just bring out the worst in people?

AC: Sometimes. If you’re being shot for too long, you can’t hide. The camera catches everything. So if you’re trying to put on airs, it’s not going to work.

Watch What Happens Live With Andy Cohen airs Sundays through Thursdays at 11:00 P.M. ET on Bravo.

How Much to Tip at the Hair Salon: Your Ultimate Guide

There once was a time when we had to devote a huge amount of effort to uncover the truth about our beauty routines. Now we’re in a golden age of transparency. You can google just about any ingredient or Yelp whatever service and a wealth of reviews are available at the ready. And with social media holding brands accountable, they’re listening to our pleas and have begun providing the information we need to make informed decisions about the products we purchase. But there’s still one place where that ease of knowledge hasn’t extended: the salon.

Even for those of us who have been getting our hair cut and colored for decades, there’s still so much confusion around tipping. Unlike some restaurants, where your receipt gives you a gentle nudge toward gratuity by listing the exact dollar amounts for a 15, 20, or 25 percent tip, the salon is much trickier, with no indication of who (if anyone) gets extra money and how much to give. Are you supposed to tip the owner? And what if multiple assistants helped with your blowout or shampoo? There’s also the issue of knowing where your money is going: There’s much more discussion around servers’ salaries than there is around our stylists’. All these factors make the equation that much more difficult.

To shed some light on what’s really going on at the salon, Glamour talked to stylists, assistants, and owners around the country to find out. From where your hard-earned cash goes to what (and who) you really should be tipping, read on for their unfiltered opinions and advice.

What Stylists Actually Make

Salons run on a few business models—most commonly commission-based and booth rentals (more on those later).

Commission, explains Siobhán Quinlan, a colorist at Art + Autonomy Salon in NYC, means that employees are paid for the services performed, of which they only keep a portion, usually somewhere between 40 to 60 percent of the price. The remaining percentage goes to the salon for overhead costs like utilities, product used (color, shampoo, conditioner, etc.), and amenities for both staff and clients.

Nicole Krzyminski, a stylist at Fringe salon in Chicago, breaks it down: “Say you’re getting a beautiful new color—your balayage, conditioning, and toning takes about three hours and costs around $250,” she says. “After accounting for the overhead fees and product costs, the stylist gets about $100 of that pretax.”

In some cases, stylists can also make money by convincing clients to buy a product that was used on them during their service. However, this represents a minuscule amount of revenue says Shira Devash Espinoza, a freelance stylist based in New Jersey. “When working in a salon, you’re constantly pushed and ‘rewarded’ to sell, but only earn maybe 10 percent of it if you’re lucky,” she says.

How They Spend It

So what happens to Krzyminski’s hypothetical $100? The majority of it, she says, goes toward licensing fees, personal supplies, and tools (blow-dryers, flatirons, curling irons), and continuing education classes. That means even on a jam-packed day, a stylist may only make enough take home pay to cover the essentials of food, shelter, and clothing.

Tips, on the other hand, help pay for the supplemental benefits that those not in the service industry take for granted. Says Stephanie Brown, a colorist at Manhattan’s Nunzio Saviano Salon, “It’s a physically demanding job, and most salons are too small to provide health benefits or paid vacations and sick days.”

Ladda Phommavong, a stylist at Third Space Salon in Austin, Texas, says that those gratuities are what helped her become the in-demand stylist she is today. “The tips I received from clients meant being able to take outside courses to hone my craft,” she says. “If clients knew I was saving up to take the master colorist course and that their tipping was directly contributing to me becoming a better stylist for them, I think they would definitely want to be a part of that.”

Freelance Isn’t Free

Many stylists choose to forgo the commission-based life and instead strike out on their own by renting booths in salons. This basically means paying a weekly or monthly fee—our stylist sources said they generally pay around $120 a week or $880 a month, depending on where they are based—to reserve a semipermanent spot to see clients. In these cases, stylists keep 100 percent of their service fee as well as their tips. The downside? “We pay for absolutely everything—refreshments, cups, capes, color bowls, foils, brushes, scissors, styling products,” says Jennifer Riney of Brushed Salon in Oklahoma City. They are also on the hook for paying liability insurance and credit card fees.

Freelancers like Sarah Finn, who rents a chair at The Ritz Day Spa & Salon in Watertown, New York, say that one big perk of being on their own is an uptick in tips. “I’ve worked at salons where my clients paid at a cash register and their tips went through many hands,” says Finn. “I don’t know if it’s just because they’re paying me face-to-face or if tips went missing at other places, but I definitely make more as a booth renter.”

Another option for freelancers is the coworking salon. Arturo Swayze, the founder and CEO of ManeSpace in NYC, is a pioneer of this relatively new setup. He provides short-term rentals for stylists who don’t need or want a regular stint in a salon. Stylists reserve a time slot, use an app to unlock the space, and see their clientele as needed. But even in this scenario, says Swayze, there is still uncertainty.

“Because the coworking model is so new, people really don’t know what proper tipping etiquettes are,” he explains. “Tipping is still an important aspect for these hairstylists. They are independent, but essentially have all the expenses of a salon owner, but they’re not drawing income from other stylists.”

“Each stylist is running their own small business in a way,” says Nicole Wilder of Paragon Salons in Cincinnati. “We have relied on tips as a part of our salaries for decades. We kind of signed up for that as part of it. But we work hard on our feet to make you feel beautiful.”

Helping Hands

Assistants are the unsung heroes of the salon industry—and some of the most neglected. They are involved in almost every aspect of your service. “Our duties as an assistant helping a stylist are to shampoo all clients for haircuts, apply toners, blow-dry, and mix color,” says Ocean McDaeth, one of the assistants at Art + Autonomy. “We’re also in charge of setting up the stylists for each service, keeping their stations as well as the salon clean, doing laundry, and greeting clients and making sure they are comfortable throughout [their visit].”

Since assistants don’t perform technical services, they’re usually paid a day rate by the salon owner. Many times the stylists they assist will also tip them out with a small percentage of the day’s take. “Being a hairdresser has a huge financial obligation. I think it’s fair to say we as assistants really do rely on our tips. Without them I have no idea how I’d survive in NYC,” McDaeth admits.

It’s important to note that assistants aren’t the norm in smaller salons and outside of big cities. High-end salons with a large clientele tend to hire assistants as a way to let a stylist book more appointments. If the assistant is washing your hair, this allows the stylist to have another client in their chair. When done well, you might not even notice your stylist or colorist is working with one or two other people in addition to you. This maximizes the stylists’ time and earning power, making assistants integral to a prestige salon’s operation.

While having assistants is a lifesaver for hairdressers, it can be a nightmare for clients if you’re trying to figure out who to tip. In large salons, you can have up to 10 different people touching your hair, notes Jon Reyman, a master stylist and co-owner of Spoke & Weal salons. He says that some (but not all) salons have what they call a tip pool for just that reason. “We have it set up so that whatever tip a stylist gets, a portion of that is distributed to the assistants at the end of the day. So if you tip your stylist, you tip everybody.”

Of course, there’s no way to know if that is your salon’s economic ecology, so in general, think about what the assistant has done for you. If they are shampooing, applying gloss, and/or doing your postcut blowout, it’s a good idea to throw something their way. (See our cheat sheet, below, for more on what exactly to give.)

The Owner Dilemma

While tipping your stylist seems like a no-brainer at this point (hopefully), owners are a whole different ball game. “It’s an antiquated practice to not tip owners,” says Michael Davis, owner of Smith & Davis Salon in Chicago. “We’re still providing a service and actually are no longer receiving a commission. All money we bring in goes into the operation of the business and paying the non-income-earning staff.” Adds his co-owner Stevie Smith, “After operating expenses, taxes, benefits, and general overhead, the profit margin for the salon is generally about 8 to 10 percent.”

Paul Norton, a celebrity stylist in West Hollywood, puts it a bit more bluntly: “Running a salon is expensive, and generally if the owner is still choosing to take clients, I can’t imagine that they thought, Finally, a chance to work just as hard if not harder and earn even less money!”

What’s In It for You?

Besides building a strong relationship with your stylist, being a good tipper also gives you access to a few perks. “Just as much as they show their appreciation, we like to show it back,” says Derek J, owner of the J Spot Salon in Atlanta. “When a client wants an extra-early or late appointment, we always keep what type of client it is in mind that’s asking.”

Adds Finn, “Those who are good tippers will be the ones a stylist will go above and beyond for; we’ll come in early or stay late or go in on a day off. If you don’t want to tip that’s fine, but let’s be real—if someone does tip more than expected, we will typically do more than expected for them too.”

Just don’t think that because you don’t tip that you’ll get subpar cut, says Reyman. “I’m not going to give you a different service because you did or didn’t tip me—I’m a professional,” he says.

Tipping Made Easy

If you’re unsure on exactly how to show your stylist how much you value them, we asked our panel to break it down to the basics. The usual gratuity for your stylist or colorist (yes, even if they are the owner) should be 15 to 20 percent of the service fee. And while assistants are sometimes tipped out by their stylists, it’s still a nice gesture to pass a little something their way. Davis says that if they simply got you settled and washed your hair, $3 to $5 is sufficient. However, if they were a little more involved, say blowing out your hair or doing a gloss service, $10 is more appropriate.

Another good rule to live by? Cash is king. Many salons don’t allow tipping with credit or debit cards since it’s harder to divvy. “When I was at my old salon where this was the policy, I often had days where I wouldn’t get tips at all because the clients would forget and not have cash or checks on them,” says Phommavong.

When all else fails, just ask. There’s no sense feeling awkward about not knowing what’s right for your situation. Not everyone is made of money—something stylists understand all too well—so don’t be embarrassed to ask them what’s kosher. “If you want to have a healthy relationship with your stylist, have the awkward conversation,” advises Reyman. “I would say, ‘I want to take care of you because you take care of me. What do you think is an appropriate tip?'”

At the end of the day, the most important thing to remember is that you and your stylist are on the same team—one that wants you to look and feel your best when you walk out the door. Says Brown, “No stylist ever wants you to leave unhappy; that’s bad for our business.”

This story is part of Glamour‘s guide to tipping. Tips are approximate and based on varying factors. Learn more about how much to give in this seven-part series.

Here’s How Much to Tip Your Movers

Whether you’re relocating to a new apartment in the same city or to a completely new town, moving is an expensive thing to do. Sure, you could rent a U-Haul or bribe your friends with free beer or baked goods to minimize the cost. Or you could be like me and go for the easier (read: more expensive) option and task a moving company with the heavy lifting.

But right when you think all is said and done and your most prized possessions and weird trinkets are in your new place, and you’ve started to think about where the couch should go in the living room, I’m sorry, but you’re not actually finished. You now have to pay the big bucks and tip the people who just carried your 60 pound mattress up and down dozens of stairs, miraculously fit the old couch through your new very narrow doorway, and more things your God given strength couldn’t possibly fathom. Yes, that would be your movers.

So how much exactly do you need to shell out? Well, like all tipping, it’s a little tricky. So Glamour talked to representatives from moving companies across the country to find out how much to tip, what to consider, and more in your respective geographical locations. Read on for their expert opinions.

How Much Do Movers Actually Make?

It changes from city to city, but most movers are paid hourly—the rate ranges from $14 to $30 an hour depending on experience—and tips aren’t at all included in that.

Tipping preferences vary throughout the industry, but Calvin Hughes, operations manager at Einstein Moving Company in Austin, Texas, recommends an easy formula that can determine your specific golden number. He says, “I recommend $10 per hour, per mover. So say a trip is four hours. A standard tip comes out to $40 per person.”

Another important thing to consider is the environment in which the movers are working. For the movers at Einstein Moving Company, which also has locations in Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio, Texas, the weather is an important factor. They expect more tips in the hot and humid summer months, which also happens to be their busiest time. “It’s a cyclical industry,” Hughes says, who’s been working at the company for two years. “So in the summer, when we’re open seven days a week, tips tend to be higher because it’s so hot outside. We’re sweating, so it’s visibly noticeable how hard we’re working.”

Michael Diasparra, who owns Man With A Van, which serves the New York City metro area, northern New Jersey, and southwest Connecticut, says that his movers don’t expect any monetary compensation. “[Our movers] hope for it, but we don’t demand it,” he says. He recommends tipping 20 percent of the final cost just as you would a waiter in a restaurant. But he does find that their customers do tip “a little bit more” if they work on major holidays like Christmas and New Years and, like in Texas, the summer.

On the other hand, Diana Ghiura, who works at Boston’s Stairhopper Movers as its office manager, doesn’t suggest a specific formula. “I can’t say just give them 10 percent or 20 percent,” Ghiura says. “It doesn’t work like that.” Instead, she leaves it up to the customer and their level of satisfaction. “I recommend always do whatever makes you happy,” she says. “However, it’s usually between $20 to $100 per person depending on how big the move is and how happy you are, of course.”

For Ghiura, whose company caters to the greater Boston area, the type of home is an important factor, especially for the Beacon Hill neighborhood that’s notorious for its steep hills and staircases. “Boston has really old buildings that don’t have elevators,” she says. “For my personal recommendation, I would say if you have a move that’s a fifth floor walk-up going to a fourth floor walk-up, I would tip very well [because of the labor involved].”

Do You Tip Before or After?

Mostly everyone tips after the job, Hughes says, but there’s been a few instances where people have tipped ahead of time. “There’s a story around the office, where before we even got started, this guy gave us a big tip and said, ‘Thanks for helping.'” But, Hughes warns, that comes with a flip side. It could be further incentive for movers to go above and beyond—or it could be reason to do the bare minimum since they’ve already been tipped. (But most movers stress it’s hopefully the former.)

With some moving companies, though, this isn’t an issue. For example, Man With A Van doesn’t allow or accept tips until the move is finished. “The work is not done,” Diasparra, who has owned and operated Man With A Van for 12 years, says. “How can someone tip if they don’t know how the service was?”

Do You Have To Tip Everyone Involved?

Well, yes. Even if you find that one mover is really doing more than the rest, both Einstein Moving Company and Stairhoppers have company-wide policies that require the lead mover to split the tip evenly.

“No matter what, everyone gets the same percentage of the tip if they work the whole job,” Hughes says, even if someone is doing a better or worse job. “It’s just a soldier type of mentality. Everyone’s treated the same.”

Stairhoppers’ policy echoes that sentiment. “They split it equally,” Ghurira says. She also tells customers to think about the number of movers on the job, so the cash can be evenly divided. She says, for example, “If you want to budget for a move that’s $1,200, and you want to tip $200—but you have three movers, either give $180 or $210 so the movers can split it equally in three.”

On the other hand, Man With The Van doesn’t have a company policy to divide equally, but its movers tend do it because “it’s what’s fair.”

Does a Tip Have to Be in Cash?

While some people think food and drinks suffice as a way to show gratitude, it shouldn’t be given in lieu of a pure cash tip. “There’s a saying within the industry that cash is king,” Hughes says, while acknowledging free food is never a bad thing. He says, “They’ve bought you lunch, they give you breakfast tacos in the morning, they gave you coffee and then they tip you well. That’s everyone’s dream customer!”

Ghuira says Stairhopper Movers’ employees are required to take a break for lunch or dinner. “It’s not the customer’s responsibility to pay for the lunch,” she says. “If you want to, by all means, they will be happy with it, but you don’t have to.”

So the next time you want to tip your movers in pizza, don’t. Give them the cash they deserve instead—or lug that mattress yourself.

This story is part of Glamour‘s guide to tipping. Tips are approximate and based on varying factors. Learn more about how much to give in this seven-part series.

Who and How Much to Tip at a Hotel

Between booking flights and Insta-stalking all the things you can’t miss, planning a trip can feel an awful lot like a full-time job these days. One thing many people forget to take into account, though—both in terms of budget and just in general—is that technically it’s encouraged to tip the staff members (yes, multiple) whenever you spend the night at a hotel.

Even if this isn’t news to you, the matter of how exactly to go about it isn’t readily transparent. Do you tip at the beginning of your stay or the end? Should it always be in cash? And, um, how much do you give? In short, figuring out an equation for best practices when it comes to tipping for a hotel stay can be overwhelming.

To shed some light on how much you should really be giving, to whom, and how often, we spoke with different hotel personnel across the country to find out what’s typically expected. Read on for their advice.

Who Should Guests Be Tipping?

This depends on two factors: How dependent staff members are on tips, and how great the guests feel their services were. According to Mark Hayes, General Manager of the Kimpton Aertson Hotel in Nashville, TN, the bellhop and valet staff are the most dependent on tips, because they’re “usually working below or at minimum wage,” and the same goes for in-house bartenders. Housekeepers tend to receive tips the least frequently (less than 25 percent of rooms leave tips for them). Guest service agents (those who greet arriving guests, assign rooms, issue keys, and collect guest payment and billing information) don’t rely on tips, “but are, of course, appreciative of them,” says Hayes, and while the concierge team makes the same hourly rate as the guest service agents (or greater), tipping them is more customary.

Mat Chapman, a concierge at the JW Marriott in Chicago, IL, says the doormen and bellmen are a must, particularly if they’re assisting with your luggage. “These positions do not pool or share tips typically,” he explains. If a request is made and fulfilled to the guest’s satisfaction, the concierge should also be tipped, and the same rule applies for the housekeeper.

When it comes to the hotel food and beverage staff (think: room service attendants), things get a bit more complicated. Yes, gratuity may frequently be included on your room service check—in some cases it’s listed as a service charge or delivery fee, FYI—but it can be less than the restaurant industry standard of 20 percent. Explains Hayes: “15 to 18 percent is [more] typical,” so feel free to add a few dollars if you feel the delivery warrants it. The same goes at the in-house restaurant. “At Kimpton and other new-wave hotel restaurants that are designed to stand alone, the restaurant wait staff is paid comparably to any other standalone restaurant,” says Hayes. “So please tip!”

So, the short list: The doorman, bellman, valet, food and beverage staff, shuttle drivers, housekeepers, and concierge staff. But if you’re looking for a more general rule of thumb, tipping any hourly employee you feel is providing great service is a job well done. (Pro tip: You can usually distinguish hourly employees by their name tags, which typically have only their first name listed, says Hayes.)

How Much Should You Tip—And When?

“It depends on what [the staff] is doing for you,” explains Hayes. “Grabbed your car or a bag? $2 to $5 is customary. Upgraded you, got you a tough ticket, or last-minute dinner reservation? $10 to $100, pending the difficulty of the request. Cleaned your room? $2 to $5 per day is appreciated.” Chapman also agrees that tips fluctuate depending on the service rendered: “For Doormen and bellhops, $1 to $2 per bag should be a baseline estimate. For a concierge: $5 should be a baseline starting point. Housekeepers, $2 to $5 per night, depending on the service.”

According to Melinda Vesterfelt, the front office manager at The Woodlands Inn in Wilkes Barre, PA, housekeepers are generally tipped an average of about $2 per day, per person, and people are more likely to tip housekeeping when they leave. Although, as Vesterfelt points out, if you make a special request, it’s ideal to tip then, too: “It’s not as customary, but if there is a request to have towels or toilet paper or something brought to the room, [sometimes] people give a dollar or two because you’re bringing that service to them.” This also applies to a hotel employee helping with your luggage: “While it’s not required, most people will give a tip [for this], and that can be anywhere from $2 to $5,” Vesterfelt says.

But should you tip per service, or at the end of your stay? According to Hayes, that depends, too. “You could go broke if you tip every time your car is brought around, or every time a cab is hailed,” Hayes says. “Different housekeepers may take care of your room during your stay, but tipping on your day of departure rewards the one with the hardest job.”

But no matter what you choose, your decision to tip does not go unnoticed. In fact, it may even help better your stay: “While I strive to give my all of my guests the best service possible, I will say that once I’ve established a relationship with a guest, I’m more inclined to go above and beyond for them,” explains Chapman. “By that I mean thinking about their preferences and itinerary without being asked, and trying to come up with new and interesting ways to wow them.”

And even though the hotel may be providing a certain amenity, it doesn’t mean the complimentary service should go unnoticed by your wallet. “We have a complimentary shuttle service and some people think: ‘Oh, this is just part of my free service,'” but here, Vesterfelt encourages tipping the driver at least $2 to $5. As a rule of thumb: If a hotel employee is doing extra work for you, it’s tip-worthy.

In Short: “If You’re Happy, Share The Wealth!”

While most hotel staff workers are receiving an hourly rate, their pay does not cover some worker fees. “I work in an urban luxury brand hotel where service fees are not included in my compensation,” explains Chapman. What’s more, not all hourly rates are created equal: “If you’re a housekeeper, front desk clerk, or a driver, we get paid at least minimum wage or higher, depending on the position,” Vesterfelt says. “But the bartenders, and on the food and beverage side, [they’re] getting like $2 an hour, so [they] rely on tips.”

In the end, Hayes summarizes the major takeaways as these: “1. People who tip up front, thinking it will prompt great service, tend to be more disappointed about their return on investment than guests who tip in response to great service. 2. Tipping is not obligatory in a hotel, but if you’re happy, share the wealth. 3. If you don’t have cash to spare, mentioning an employee by name on a survey or in a note to a manager will usually trigger an incentive paid out to the staff member too.”

This story is part of Glamour‘s guide to tipping. Tips are approximate and based on varying factors. Learn more about how much to give in this seven-part series.